Andaman and Nicobar

Andaman and Nicobar

Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India - View on map
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The Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a union territory of India. It consists of 836 islands (of which only 31 are inhabited) grouped into two island groups: the northern Andaman Islands and the southern Nicobar Islands, separated by a 150 km (93 mi) wide channel. Port Blair is the capital and largest city of the territory, located about 1,190 km (740 mi) from Chennai  and 1,255 km (780 mi) from Kolkata in mainland India. The islands are sandwiched between the Bay of Bengal  to the west and the Andaman Sea  to the east with the northern-most point located 901 km (560 mi) from the mouth of Hooghly river. Indira Point  at 6°45’10″N and 93°49’36″E at the southern tip of Great Nicobar  is the southernmost point of India.


There territory consists of 836 islands and islets  occupying an area of 8,249 km2 (3,185 sq mi), of which only 31 are permanently inhabited. The islands extend from 6° to 14° North lattitudes and from 92° to 94° East longitudes. The islands are grouped into the north Andaman islands and south Nicobar islands, separated by the 150 km (93 mi) wide Ten Degree Channel. The Andamans cover an area of 6,408 km2 (2,474 sq mi) while the Nicobar group covers an area of 1,841 km2 (711 sq mi). The highest point is the Saddle Peak  at 737 m (2,418 ft), located in North Andaman Island.


Tourism is one of the major contributors to the economy of the islands. The islands had more than 4 lakh visitors in 2016 with a 94% contribution from domestic tourists.In 2018, plans to develop facilities in various islands under the National Institute of Transforming India (NITI) Aayog was initiated by Government of India, with the aim of increasing tourist inflows. Foreign tourists are issued Restricted Area Permits (RAP) which gives access to specific areas with conditions. While domestic tourists do not require a permit to visit the accessible parts of the islands, the tribal reserves are forbidden and requires special permission for access. The islands have many beaches due to its long coastline and various water sprots  are practised including kayaking, scuba divivng and parasailing. 

Flora and fauna:

The islands have mangroves  interspersed with marshes, coconut trees  or dispersed bushy vegetation along the coast. There are twelve types of forests that occur in the islands including evergreen, deciduous, mangrove, littoral, bamboo, sub-montane and brackish water forests. North Andaman is characterised by wet evergreen forests with climbing plants, Middle Andaman has moist deciduous forests and south Andaman islands have epiphytic  vegetation, mostly ferns and orchids. The North Nicobar islands are mostly barren with Grasslands while evergreen forests form the dominant vegetation in the central and southern islands of the Nicobar group. The forest coverage is estimated to be 86.2% of the total land area with about 2,200 varieties of plants of which 200 are endemic and 1,300 do not occur in mainland India. There are more than 200 species used for timber.


Arrive at port blair, the capital of the andaman and nicobar islands. Check-in at your hotel and relax after your journey. In the evening, take a stroll around the local market or enjoy a leisurely dinner by the sea.

Visit cellular jail, a historic colonial prison known for its role in india's independence struggle. Explore the cellular jail museum to learn about the island's history and its significance in india's fight for freedom. Afternoon visit to corbyn's cove beach for some relaxation and water sports activities.

Take a boat ride to ross island, once the administrative headquarters of the british in the andaman islands. Explore the ruins and enjoy the scenic beauty. Proceed to north bay island for snorkeling or glass-bottom boat rides to witness the colorful underwater marine life. Return to port blair in the evening and spend the rest of the day at leisure.

Travel to Havelock island by ferry. It's known for its stunning beaches and pristine coral reefs. Check into your hotel and relax. Spend the evening at radhanagar beach, often ranked among the best beaches in asia, to catch a mesmerizing sunset.

Embark on a thrilling snorkeling or scuba diving expedition to explore the vibrant coral reefs and marine life at spots like elephant beach or dive india. Visit kalapathar beach for its serene ambiance and picturesque views. Enjoy water activities like kayaking or paddleboarding.

Relax and unwind at your resort. Optional activities include cycling around the island, visiting local markets, or indulging in spa treatments. Spend the evening at leisure, perhaps with a beachside dinner under the stars.

Travel back to port blair by ferry. Visit chidiya tapu, known for its lush green mangroves and diverse birdlife. Enjoy the sunset views. Return to port blair and explore the local cuisine at a popular restaurant



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